Course Description

The French Revolution launched the modern age, in politics, society, the family, the arts, and war. The 19th century brought fresh revolutions: technology and industrialization transformed work and leisure, life and death; liberalism and revolutionary socialism challenged the old order; and science altered forever humanity's place in the universe. Yet this was also a century of ruthless imperialism and aggressive and intolerant nationalism. This period is essential for understanding our world.


Antirequisites: HIS 279 and HIS 379

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